Case 1: This young female suffered from an advanced scoliosis that was corrected by a posterior approach.
Case 2: In this case the correction was achieved by an approach through the chest cavity.
Case 3: A short instrumentation was chosen in this male patient in order to stabilize early degenerative scoliosis.
Case 4: This elderly patient, with an age-depending scoliosis, was undergoing a posterior stabilization.
Case 5 This degenerative scoliosis of a middle aged male was straightened by a combined posterior an anterior approach.
Case 6: Osteoporotic fracture of the lumbar spine led to a kyphoscoliosis deformation. The unstable situation was reduced and stabilized by means of a posterior approach in addition to an anterior expandable cage.
Case 7: Example of a thoracic kyphosis that was corrected by a posterior instrumentation.